Vestnik of Orenburg State Pedagogical University. Electronic Scientific Journal. 2021. № 2 (38). P. 204—222

 

13.00.00 PEDAGOGIC SCIENCES

UDC 372.881.111.1

Ezhova Tatiana Vladimirovna, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor
Orenburg State Pedagogical University
Stukolova Elena Aleksandrovna, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor
Orenburg State Pedagogical University

 

BLENDED LEARNING TECHNOLOGY IN DISTANCE SCHOOLING

Abstract

The paper discusses implementation of the blended learning technology in the field of a foreign language teaching taking into consideration modern regulatory requirements in the sphere of education. These requirements, among other things, comprise the development of competence in the application of information technology, which is particularly important during the period of quarantine measures and distance learning (e-learning) both for school and university students.
In accordance with the set goal and objectives, the authors identified through the theoretical analyses the most effective blended learning models, designed a simple algorithm for implementing blended schooling in the process of developing foreign-language skills in distance-learning conditions, tested the exercises within certain topics for developing speech skills of trainees in a distance form according to a given algorithm in the context of realizing the potential of blended learning.
The results of the given study confirm the assumption that the educational process in a distance format will be effective with implementation of the authors’ algorithm, blended learning models, modern Internet resources, services, video hosting platforms, which are presented in this paper. The results of the research can be used in the work of specialists in the field of general and higher education in the system of a foreign language teaching. The study of blended learning as a tool in distance learning shows prospects for further research in the sphere of blended models usage at different levels of education, stages of school education in the process of foreign language instruction during potential quarantine measures. The research in the field of non-educational Internet technology and resources that allow implementing interactive methods in distance learning is of equal importance.

Key words

Blended learning, blended learning models, distance learning, technology, interactive instruction, video conference platforms, Internet resources, information technology, algorithm.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32516/2303-9922.2021.38.15

The full text of the article PDF (Russian)

 

References

1. Avdeeva Yu. A., Ustinovskaya A. A. Problematika vnedreniya smeshannogo obucheniya v vuzakh [Blended learning: challenging trajectory]. Upravlenie obrazovaniem: teoriya i praktika, 2018, no. 2 (30), pp. 34—40. Available at: https://old.kursobr.ru/ojs/ojs/index.php/Journal/article/view/58/54 Accessed: 21.02.2021. (In Russian)
2. Baranova K. M., Duli D., Kopylova V. V. (et al.) Angliiskii yazyk. 5 klass [English. Grade 5]. Moscow, Express Publ., Prosveshchenie Publ., 2012. 112 p. (In Russian)
3. Bezverkha O. Vikoristannya modelei zmіshanogo navchannya u protsesі vivchennya іnozemnikh mov = Ispol’zovanie modelei smeshannogo obucheniya v protsesse izucheniya inostrannykh yazykov [Using blended learning models in the process of learning foreign languages]. Naukovі zapiski Ternopіl’s’kogo natsіonal’nogo pedagogіchnogo unіversitetu. Ser. Pedagogіka, 2017, no. 3, pp. 147—156. DOI: 10.25128/2415-3605.17.3.20. (In Russian)
4. Bim-Bad B. M. Pedagogicheskii entsiklopedicheskii slovar’ [Pedagogical encyclopedic dictionary]. Moscow, Bol’shaya rossiiskaya entsiklopediya Publ., 2002. 527 p. (In Russian)
5. Zhukova O. N. Razvitie intellektual’noi odarennosti shkol’nikov v usloviyakh smeshannogo obucheniya informatike [Development of intellectually gifted schoolchildren in the conditions of blended learning in the informatics course]. Vestnik Omskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta. Gumanitarnye issledovaniya — Newsletter of Omsk State Pedagogical University. Humanitarian Research, 2019, no. 1 (22), pp. 104—108. Available at: https://omsk.edu/volume/download/1_(22)_2019.pdf Accessed: 20.02.2021. (In Russian)
6. Kopylova N. A. Integrativnaya tekhnologiya smeshannogo obucheniya [Integrative technology of blended learning]. Aktual’nye problemy aviatsii i kosmonavtiki, 2017, vol. 3, no. 13, pp. 1167—1169. (In Russian)
7. Krasnov S. V., Kalmykova S. V., Krasnova S. A. Smeshannoe obuchenie v epokhu tsifrovoi transformatsii [Blended learning in the epoch of digital transformation]. Problemy sovremennogo obrazovaniya — Problems of Modern Education, 2020, no. 1, pp. 89—101. Available at: http://www.pmedu.ru/images/2020-1/89101.pdf. DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-89-101. (In Russian)
8. Krylova E. A. Tekhnologiya smeshannogo obucheniya v sisteme vysshego obrazovaniya [Blended learning in higher education]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta — Tomsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2020, no. 1 (207), pp. 86—93. https://vestnik.tspu.edu.ru/files/vestnik/PDF/articles/krylova_e._a._86_93_1_207_2020.pdf. DOI: 10.23951/1609-624X-2020-1-86-93. (In Russian)
9. Mishota I. Yu. Razvitie smeshannogo obucheniya v usloviyakh tsifrovizatsii obrazovatel’nogo protsessa [Development of blended learning in the context of digitalization of the educational process]. Vestnik RGGU. Ser. Psikhologiya. Pedagogika. Obrazovanie, 2018, no. 3 (13), pp. 97—106. DOI: 10.28995/2073-6398-2018-3-97-106. (In Russian)
10. Moskvin K. M. Organizatsionno-pedagogicheskie usloviya realizatsii smeshannogo obucheniya [Organizational pedagogical conditions of realization of the blended learning]. Shkol’nye tekhnologii, 2018, no. 1, pp. 35—40. (In Russian)
11. Nagaeva I. A. Smeshannoe obuchenie v sovremennom obrazovatel’nom protsesse: neobkhodimost’ i vozmozhnosti [Blended learning in modern educational process: necessity and possibility]. Otechestvennaya i zarubezhnaya pedagogika, 2016, no. 6 (33), pp. 56—67. (In Russian)
12. Nesterenko V. G. Didakticheskie vozmozhnosti smeshannogo obucheniya inostrannomu yazyku v usloviyakh formal’nogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya [Language blended learning didactic resources in a formal pedagogical education]. Nauchno-metodicheskii elektronnyi zhurnal “Kontsept” — Scientific-methodological electronic journal “Koncept”, 2019, no. V6, pp. 29—34. Available at: http://e-koncept.ru/2019/196055.htm. (In Russian)
13. Ob utverzhdenii i vvedenii v deistvie federal’nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel’nogo standarta osnovnogo obshchego obrazovaniya: prikaz Ministerstva obrazovaniya i nauki Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 17 dekabrya 2010 g. № 1897 [On the approval and implementation of the Federal state educational standard of basic general education: order of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation No. 1897, December 17, 2010]. FGOS — Federal’nye gosudarstvennye obrazovatel’nye standarty [FSES — Federal State Educational Standards]. Available at: https://fgos.ru/ Accessed: 23.01.2021. (In Russian)
14. Avvo B. V., Akhayan A. A., Zair-Bek E. S., Komarov V. A., Gorokhovatskaya N. V., Feofilova T. G., Fedorova N. M., Sosunova N. Yu. Obrazovatel’nye strategii i tekhnologii obucheniya pri realizatsii kompetentnostnogo podkhoda v pedagogicheskom obrazovanii s uchetom gumanitarnykh tekhnologii [Educational strategies and learning technologies in the implementation of a competence-based approach in teacher education, taking into account humanitarian technologies]. St. Petersburg, RGPU im. A. I. Gertsena Publ., 2008. 108 p. (In Russian)
15. Polyakov E. A. Organizatsiya elektronnogo obucheniya s ispol’zovaniem informatsionnoi obrazovatel’noi sredy [Organising E-learning using the informational educational environment]. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. Pedagogika. Psikhologiya. Sotsiokinetika, 2017, no. 4, pp. 143—148. (In Russian)
16. Prakticheskii kurs angliiskogo yazyka. 1 kurs. 5-e izd., ispr. [Practical English course. Course 1. 5th ed., rev.]. Moscow, VLADOS Publ., 1998. 536 p. (In Russian)
17. Prosvirkina I. I. Ispol’zovanie modelei smeshannogo obucheniya pri obuchenii govoreniyu [Using blended learning models in teaching speaking]. Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki, 2017, no. 12-4 (78), pp. 202—205. Available at: https://www.gramota.net/articles/issn_1997-2911_2017_12-4_53.pdf Accessed: 23.01.2021. (In Russian)
18. Professional’no-pedagogicheskie ponyatiya [Professional pedagogical concepts]. Yekaterinburg, Ros. gos. prof.-ped. un-t Publ., 2005. 456 p. (In Russian)
19. Pustovalova O. V. Metodika razvitiya umenii pis’mennoi rechi studentov na osnove servisa “Tvitter” (angliiskii yazyk, neyazykovoi vuz): avtoref. dis. … kand. ped. nauk [Methodology for the development of students’ writing skills based on the Twitter service (English, non-linguistic university). Abstr. Cand. Dis.]. Moscow, 2012. 32 p. (In Russian)
20. Robert I. V. Razvitie didaktiki v usloviyakh informatizatsii obrazovaniya kak transfer-integrativnoi oblasti nauchnogo znaniya (kontseptsiya) [Development of didactics in the context of informatization of education as a transfer-integrative field of scientific knowledge (concept)]. Moscow, IIO RAO Publ., 2014. 38 p. (In Russian)
21. Robert I. V. Sovremennye informatsionnye tekhnologii v obrazovanii: didakticheskie problemy, perspektivy ispol’zovaniya [Modern information technologies in education: didactic problems, prospects of use]. Moscow, IIO RAO Publ., 2010. 140 p. (In Russian)
22. Rudneva I. A. Smeshannoe obuchenie v professional’nom sotsial’no-pedagogicheskom obrazovanii [Blended learning in vocational social and pedagogical education]. Sotsial’naya pedagogika, 2018, no. 4, pp. 46—52. (In Russian)
23. Selyavkina N. N. Primenenie modelei smeshannogo obucheniya kak uslovie differentsiatsii obucheniya grammatike frantsuzskogo yazyka v obshcheobrazovatel’nykh organizatsiyakh [Application of blended learning models as a condition for differentiation of teaching French grammar in general education organizations]. Universum: psikhologiya i obrazovanie, 2020, no. 7 (73). Available at: https://7universum.com/ru/psy/archive/item/9847. Accessed: 21.02.2021. (In Russian
24. Skrypnikova N. N. Tekhnologiya smeshannogo obucheniya: aktual’nost’ i problematika [Blended Learning Technology: Relevance and Issues]. Professional’noe obrazovanie i rynok truda, 2018, no. 3, pp. 74—78. (In Russian)
25. Sysoev P. V. Podkasty v obuchenii inostrannomu yazyku [Language Teaching Podcasts]. Yazyk i kul’tura, 2014, no. 2 (26), pp. 189—201. (In Russian)
26. Sysoev P. V. Sistema obucheniya inostrannomu yazyku po individual’nym traektoriyam na osnove sovremennykh informatsionnykh i kommunikatsionnykh tekhnologii [The system of teaching a foreign language according to individual trajectories based on modern information and communication technologies]. Inostrannye yazyki v shkole, 2014, no. 5, pp. 2—11. (In Russian)
27. Tatarinova M. A. Teoreticheskie osnovy sozdaniya i ispol’zovaniya distantsionnogo kursa obucheniya inoyazychnoi pis’mennoi rechi dlya studentov 2—3 kursov lingvisticheskogo vuza: na materiale angliiskogo yazyka: avtoref. dis. … kand. ped. nauk [Theoretical foundations for the creation and use of a distance learning course in foreign language writing for students of 2—3 courses of a linguistic university: on the material of the English language. Abstr. Cand. Dis.]. Moscow, 2005. 25 p. (In Russian)
28. Teoriya i praktika distantsionnogo obucheniya [Distance learning theory and practice]. Moscow, Izdat. tsentr “Akademiya” Publ., 2004. 416 p. (In Russian)
29. Titova S. V. Tsifrovye tekhnologii v yazykovom obuchenii: teoriya i praktika [Digital technologies in language teaching: theory and practice]. Moscow, Editus Publ., 2017. 247 p. (In Russian)
30. Utemov V. V., Gorev P. M. Mezhpredmetnaya tekhnologiya smeshannogo obucheniya v shkol’nom obrazovanii [Interdisciplinary technology of blended learning in school education]. Nauchno-metodicheskii elektronnyi zhurnal “Kontsept” — Scientific-methodological electronic journal “Koncept”, 2018, no. 4, pp. 1—11. Available at: http://e-koncept.ru/2018/181017.htm Accessed: 20.02.2021. (In Russian)
31. Federal’nyi zakon ot 27.07.2006 № 149-FZ (red. ot 09.03.2021) “Ob informatsii, informatsionnykh tekhnologiyakh i o zashchite informatsii” (s izm. i dop., vstup. v silu s 20.03.2021). St. 2 [Federal Law No. 149-FZ of July 27, 2006 (as amended on 03/09/2021) “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection” (as amended and supplemented, entered into force on 03/20/2021). Art. 2]. Konsul’tantPlyus. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_61798/c5051782233acca771e9adb35b47d3fb82c9ff1c/ Accessed: 23.03.2021. (In Russian)
32. Chepurna V. O., Magdich D. D. Doslіdzhennya problemi vikoristannya modelei zmіshanogo navchannya v fakhovіi pіdgtovtsі іnzhenerіv-pedagogіv = Issledovanie problemy ispol’zovaniya modelei smeshannogo obucheniya v professional’noi podgotovke inzhenerov-pedagogov [Investigation of the problem of using blended learning models in the professional training of educational engineers]. Vіsnik Kharkіvs’kogo natsіonal’nogo avtomobіl’no-dorozhn’ogo unіversitetu, 2019, no. 87. Available at: http://bulletin.khadi.kharkov.ua/issue/view/11464 Accessed: 20.02.2021. (In Russian)
33. Chirkova E. I., Zorina E. M. Ispol’zovanie smeshannykh opor v smeshannom obuchenii [Use of blended cues in the blended learning]. Uchenye zapiski Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. Gumanitarnye i sotsial’nye nauki — Scientific Notes of Orel State University, 2017, no. 4 (77), pp. 355—361. (In Russian)
34. Chistobaeva L. V. Optimizatsiya obucheniya angliiskomu dlya spetsial’nykh tselei (ESP) v ramkakh realizatsii smeshannogo obucheniya v tekhnicheskom vuze [Optimization of teaching English for special purposes (ESP) within the framework of mixed training implementation in a technical university]. Vestnik Maikopskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo universiteta, 2017, no. 3, pp. 78—83. (In Russian)
35. Bañados E. A Blended-learning Pedagogical Model for Teaching and Learning EFL Successfully Through an Online Interactive Multimedia Environment. CALICO Journal, 2006, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 533—550. DOI: 10.1558/cj.v23i3.533-550.
36. Boelens R., Voet M., Wever De B. The design of blended learning in response to student diversity in higher education: Instructors’ views and use of differentiated instruction in blended learning. Computers and Education, 2018, no. 120, pp. 197—212. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2018.02.009.
37. Bonk C. [et al.]. The Handbook of Blended Learning: Global Perspectives, Local Designs. Pfeiffer, 2005. 624 p.
38. Kokoulina O. What is Blended Learning and How Can It Be Used?/ ispring: eLearning blog. Available at: https://www.ispringsolutions.com/blog/blended-learning-a-primer.
39. Stracke E. A road to understanding: A qualitative study into why learners drop out of a blended language learning (BLL) environment. ReCALL, 2007, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 57—78. DOI: 10.1017/S0958344007000511.

 

Bibliography link to this article:

Ezhova T. V., Stukolova E. A. Blended learning technology in distance schooling. Vestnik of Orenburg State Pedagogical University. Electronic Scientific Journal, 2021, no. 2 (38), pp. 204—222. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32516/2303-9922.2021.38.15.